The 1st Asian-Pacific City Summit

Duration of the Conference

  • September 22-September 25, 1994

Host City

  • Fukuoka, Japan

Main Theme

  • Harmony between Urban Development and Human Living Environment in the Asian-Pacific Era

Subsession Themes

  • 1. City and Transportation
  • 2. City and Housing
  • 3. City and Environment/Public Health

Keynote Speeches

    • Mr. Mitsuo Sato, President, Asian Development Bank
    • Challenges of Urbanization in the Asia-Pacific Region


Sep. 22Morning
    • Opening Ceremony
Sep. 23Morning
    • Keynote Speech
    • Plenary Session
    • Plenary Session
    • Welcome Dinner Reception
Sep. 24Morning
    • Sub-sessions
    • Concluding Speech
    • Adoption of Joint Declaration
    • Closing Ceremony
Sep. 25Morning
    • Administrative Tour
    • Administrative Tour
    • Asian-Pacific Festival (Asia Night Parade)


    • Hotel New Otani Hakata
    • 1-1-2 Watanabe-dori, Chuo-ku, Fukuoka City


  • 21 Cities from 11 Countries and Regions


  • United Nations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Home Affairs, National Land Agency, Council of Local Authorities for International Relations

Representative of Participating Cities

  • Auckland (New Zealand) / Mayor / Les Mills
  • Bangkok (Kingdom of Thailand) / Governor / Krisda Arunvongse
  • Busan (Republic of Korea) / Mayor / Chung Moon Hwa 
  • Guangzhou (People's Republic of China) / Mayor / Li Ziliu
  • Ho Chi Minh City (Socialist Republic of Viet Nam) / Vice Chairman / Vo Viet Thanh
  • Hong Kong / Chairman, Urban Council / Leung Ding Bong, Ronald
  • Ipoh (Malaysia) / Mayor (DPMP,PMP,AMP,AMN) / Dato' Ismail Bin Shah Bodin
  • Jakarta (Republic of Indonesia) / Mayor of West Jakarta / H. Sutardjianto
  • Kagoshima (Japan) / Mayor / Yoshinori Akasaki
  • Kitakyushu (Japan) / Deputy Mayor / Takashi Deguchi
  • Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) / Special Adviser to the Mayor / Jayaraman S/O Munusamy
  • Kumamoto (Japan) / Dircctor General, Goneral Planning and Coordination Bureau / Keiichirou Kamado
  • Manila (Republic of the Philippines) / Mayor / Alfredo S. Lim
  • Miyazaki (Japan) / Mayor / Shigemitsu Tsumura
  • Nagasaki (Japan) / Mayor / Hitoshi Motoshima
  • Naha (Japan) / Mayor / Kosei Oyadomari
  • Oita (Japan) / Mayor / Keinosuke Kinoshita
  • Saga (Japan) / Mayor / Masatoshi Nishimura
  • Shanghai (People's Republic of China) / Vice Mayor / Xia Keqiang
  • Singapore / Snr Parliamentary Secretary (Ministry of National Development) / Matthias Yao Chih
  • Fukuoka (Japan) / Mayor / Keiichi Kuwahara

Language Used

  • 4 Languages (Japanese, English, Chinese and Korean)

Joint Declaration : Fukuoka Declaration

The world is currently laced with strong interdependent relationships. The Asian-Pacific, as one region, is further intensifying this interdependency. Flows of people, information and commodities are constantly on the move. Concurrently with international exchange at the national level, the era is steadily changing in direction towards promotion of international exchange by cities and regions, under exchange conducted at the national level. This exchange by cities and regions also includes everyday and specific problems.

It can be said that the peace and stability of the world from now on depends on how diverse networks between cities and regions are formed. At the Asian-Pacific City Summit (three days, September 22-24,1994) advocated by Keiichi Kuwahara, the Mayor of Fukuoka City, we held detailed discussions regarding closer mutual cooperation to establish "Harmony between Urban Development and the Human Living Environment" with representatives from 21 cities from 11 countries and regions along with the participation of the United Nations. Furthermore, at the summit we were able to mutually reach understanding of the different situations each city faces and also reach several common understandings.

Although this is just one small step forward, it is a giant step for participating cities in the summit in search of a strategy of world peace. At the closing of the summit, we hereby present a "Fukuoka Declaration" based on the mutual and common understandings reached in the meeting. This will serve as a key to open up the future of the Asian-Pacific region.

  • 1. Cities are making rapid developments following spectacular economic growth in the Asian-Pacific region. On the other hand, urban problems related to transportation, housing, environment and public health are also on the rise. The Asian-Pacific region is blessed with abundant natural features and resources. For the future sustainable development of the region, it is essential to maintain harmony between economic growth and the preservation of nature while pursuing city improvement and a more attractive human living space.
  • 2. Current urban problems are unparalleled in history in their speed and development. These problems are too difficult to be solved by a country or by a city alone. Due to such reasons, it is imperative for participating cities in the summit to share their multifarious knowledge and experience, and cooperate with each other for the promotion of sound development of their cities and urban policies.
  • 3. Close cooperation and links among cities can only be intensified through mutual understanding and friendship. Using the momentum generated by this summit, it is necessary for industry, school and government to create diverse and multi-layer exchange programs, maintaining the importance of "face to face" and "heart to heart" exchanges.
  • 4. In order to jointly deal with the above-mentioned subjects, we are aiming to build a "human network among the Asian-Pacific cities." We have decided to continue holding this summit and to establish its secretariat in Fukuoka City. The word, "Manabi-ai" (learn each other) conjures up an image of equality and will be utilized as a keyword in the model of inter-regional cooperation, and will hopefully create a new frontier in international exchange.
  • Finally, with this summit as a starting point, we sincerely hope that these initial efforts will spread like a ripple in a pond towards establishing the "Harmony between Urban Development and Human Living Environments."
  • September 24, 1994 Fukuoka