Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam)

Ho Chi Minh City, formerly known as Saigon, situated in Southern Vietnam, is a center of economic activities, education and training, tourism, science and technology, international transactions, and also a gateway handling a large volume of import and export of the country.

While giving high priorities to economic development, the city has carried out successfully many social programs to improve the living conditions of its citizens, bring down the number of people living in poverty to less than 10%. 


  • 7,521,100 (2011)

Number of Households

  • 1,824,822 (2011)

Land Area

  • 2,095km2 (2013)

Population Density

  • 3,589 persons/km2 (2011)

Gross City Product per Industry

    • Service Industry: 53.5% (growth rate: 10.2%)
    • Industry and Construction: 45.3% (growth rate: 8.3%)
    • Agriculture: 1.2% (growth rate: 5.1%)
    • (2012)

Annual Income per Capita

  • US$ 3,600 (2012)

Top 5 Industries (in terms of number of jobs)

  • Services; Industry and Construction; Tourism; Information Technology 

Major Industries and Products

    Services and manufacturing

Top 3 Export Industries (in terms of value of exports)

    • Top 3 Import Products: dairy products, plastic, material for textile
    • Top 3 Export Products: garment textile, electric & IT products, rice
    • [Amount of Trade (Exports and Imports)]
    • Exports: US$ 30.25 billion
    • Imports: US$ 26.1358 billion
    • (2013)

Revenue of the city budget

  • Revenues of the state budget: 1/3 National budget

Sister Cities (Countries), etc.

  • Shanghai (China), Manila (Philippines), San Francisco (US), Szcecin (Poland), Osaka (Japan), Yokohama (Japan), Busan (South Korea), Guangzhou (China), Guangdong (China), Shenzhen (China), Lyon (France), Rhone Alpes (France), Vladivostok (Russia), Phnom Penh (Cambodia), Vientiane (Laos), Champasak (Laos), Minsk (Belarus), Johannesburg (South Africa)  


    • [Annual Airport Passengers (enter / leave)]
    •    19 million people (enter)
Ho Chi Minh Cityphoto1 Ho Chi Minh Cityphoto2 Ho Chi Minh Cityphoto3