Ipoh (Malaysia)

Ipoh City has a population of about 710,000 within an area of 643 sq. km. It has a tropical climate of 27 degrees - 33 degrees. It is surrounded by limestone hills and granite ranges, the Kledang on the west and the Titiwangsa on the east. The Kinta River runs through the heart of city, serving as the boundary between Old Town and New Town.

It lies halfway between two major Malaysian Cities, Penang and Kuala Lumpur. The limestone hills and caves of Ipoh City are unique geological properties of flora and fauna which have attracted the attention of scientists and explorers. Formerly the city was known as "The Town That Tin Built" but it is now famous as "The Limestone Wonders". 


  • About 710,000 (2015)

Number of Households

  • 162,844 household (2010) (Based on state average household size of 4.04)

Land Area

  • About 643 k㎡(2015)

Population Density

  • 1,023.8 persons /k㎡ (2010)

Gross City Product per Industry

    • Primary Industry: US $1,417 million (13.90%)
    • Secondary Industry: US $1,849 million (18.39%)
    • Tertiary Industry: US $6,819 million(67.81%)
    • (Based on data of the State Production in 2010)

Number of Employees per Industry

    • Primary Industry: 12.4%
    • Secondary Industry: 27.6%
    • Tertiary Industry: 60.0%
    • (Based on data of the National Workforce in 2009)

Annual Income per Capita

  • US$6,000 (2010)

Major Industries and Products

    Quarrying (Limestone & Granite), Manufacturing (Electronics), Agriculture (Rubber & Palm Oil)

Major Projects

    • 1. Development of Perak High Technology Industrial Park
    • 2. Conservation and preservation of tourism product in the city centre
    • 3. Development of Urban Transformation Centre

Revenue of the city budget

  • US$288.373 million (estimated revenue for 2013)

Number of City Employees

  • 2,500 persons (2012)

Sister Cities (Countries), etc.



    • [City Logo/ Emblem]
    • The two trees on both sides symbolize the Ipoh trees, the origin of the name of the city. Two tigers on both sides are in accordance with the Federal Regalia. The undulating fortress at the top (middle) symbolizes the Dato Laksamana Fort, who is believed to be the first man to open up a settlement in Ipoh. The moon and star symbolize Islam as the official religion. The blue undulating horizontal stripe symbolizes the Kinta River which separates Ipoh New Town and Ipoh Old Town. The three vertical stripes at the bottom (middle) symbolize the State flag. 
    • ipoh_logo.png
    • [City Tree, Flower, Bird (Animal)]
    • Bougainvillea Flowers (Official Flower) 
    • "Bunga Kertas" or "Bunga Bulang" is the common Malay names for Bougainvillea Flowers. The name is taken from the French seaman, A de Bougainvillea who discovered the plant in Rio de Janeiro in the 17th century. Bougainvillea flowers became popular and are planted in the parks and gardens in the city. There are approximately 100-120 Bougainvillea hybrids in Malaysia. 
    • ipoh_flower.png



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