Jakarta (Indonesia)

Jakarta is the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia and the center of the nation’s industrial political, educational, and cultural life. It is uniquely the seat of both the national and the regional government. Strategically positioned in the archipelago, the city is also the principal gateway to the rest of Indonesia.

As the largest city in Indonesia, it is considered one of Asia’s most prominent metropolitan centers. With a population of nearly nine million, Jakarta has undergone dramatic growth. Its skyline is covered by modern high rises. The many state-of-the art shopping centers, recreation complexes and toll roads have become hallmarks of the city.

As a province, Jakarta’s area is divided into six regions, each with their own distinctiveness. Central Jakarta is the center for business and government administration; East and West Jakarta are both known as industrial areas; South Jakarta is famous for its upscale residential and commercial area; North Jakarta is essentially the Province’s seaport, and Thousand Islands is known as a marine preservation and a tourism site.

The inhabitants of Jakarta consist of various ethnicities, each having their own language and culture. Some, like the Batak and Minang, came from the neighboring areas in Indonesia. Others, such as the Chinese, Arabian, Turkish, Persian, English, and Dutch, came from all over the world. The diverse cultures are not only preserved by their respective ethnic groups, but also intermingled to form a new and distinct way of life.


  • 9,761,992 persons (2011)

Number of Households

  • 2,509,096 households (2010)

Land Area

  • 662.33 km2 (2010)

Population Density

  • 13,157.63 persons/km2 (2010)

Gross City Product per Industry

    • Primary Industry: Agriculture and Mining
    • Secondary Industry: Industry, electric, water, building
    • Tertiary Industry: Trading, transport, finance, services
    • (2011)

Number of Employees per Industry

    • Primary Industry: 1.3%
    • Secondary Industry: 33.3%
    • Tertiary Industry: 65.4%
    • (2000)

Annual Income per Capita

  • 10,979.34 US$ (2011)

Top 5 Industries (in terms of number of jobs)

    • 1. Transport and Communication
    • 2. Mining and Digging
    • 3. Construction
    • 4. Hotels and Restaurant
    • 5. Services
    • (2011)

Major Industries and Products

    Manufacturing Industry, Trade, Hotels, Restaurants, Financial Ownership, Business Services

Top 3 Export Industries (in terms of value of exports)

    • 1. Automotive sector and spare part
    • 2. Gems & Jewelry
    • 3. Aircraft engines and components
    • (2011)

Major Projects

    • (1) Mass Rapid Transit
    • (2) Construction Non-Toll Overpass
    • (3) Jakarta Emergency Dredging Initiative
    • (4) East Canal Flood
    • (5) Green Space Expansion

Revenue of the city budget

  • USD 839.4 million (2001)

Number of City Employees

  • 70,030 persons (2000)

Sister Cities (Countries), etc.

    • (1) Sister Cities
    • Bangkok (Thailand), Beijing (People's Republic of China), Tokyo (Japan), Berlin (Germany), Istanbul (Turkey), Seoul (Republic of Korea), Maputo (Mozambique), Rotterdam (Netherlands), Budapest (Hungarian), Hanoi (Vietnam)
    • (2) Cities with a Memorandum of Economic Agreement
    • Seoul (Republic of Korea), Tokyo (Japan)
    • (3) Participant in Inter-city / Inter-regional Networks
    • Asian-Pacific City Summit (APCS), United Cities and Local Government (UCLG), Metropolis, The Regional Network of Local Authorities for the Management of Human Settlements (CITYNET), Asian Network of Major Cities 21 (ANMC21), Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA), World e-Government (WEGO)


    • Annual Airport Passengers
    •    1,823,636 (2010)
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