Guangzhou (China)

Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong Province, is also the center of politics, economy, science and technology, education, and culture of the province. Located on the northern edge of the earl River Delta, adjacent to the South Sea, Hong Kong and Macao, Guangzhou is the transportation and communication hub and trading port of South China, best known as the Southern Gateway of China.

Guangzhou is a city with a long history of over 2,200 years and great cultural heritage. Guangzhou was the starting point of the ancient ‘Marine Silk Road’ and was recognized as one of the important ports in the world 1,000 years ago.

Guangzhou is the center for international trade and economic cooperation in South China. The Chinese Import & Export Commodities Fair (also known as Canton Fair) has been held biannually in Guangzhou since 1957. The city's overall economic strengthen ranks 3rd in China, and the city is positioned as one of the five major cities in the nation, with its GDP at 1670.687 billion RMB (about 269.1 billion USD) in 2014, and its per capita GDP at over 120,000 RMB (about 21,039 USD).

Guangzhou also enjoys the fame of being a thousand-year-old commerce city: 236 of the Fortune 500 Companies have already settled in Guangzhou; and the city was awarded the Best Commercial City in Mainland China in 2014 by Forbes magazine. After successfully hosting the 16th Asian Games and the 1st Asian Para Games, comprehensive competitiveness and international influence of Guangzhou has been further strengthened. Guangzhou has always been an open city with extensive international communications. To date, 51 countries have set up their consulate generals in Guangzhou and it has established sister city and friendship city relationships with 59 cities around the world.


  • 8,323,100 (2013)

Number of Households

  • 2,706,068 (2013)

Land Area

  • 7,434.4km2 (2014)

Population Density

  • 1,120 /km2 (2013)

Gross City Product per Industry

    • Primary Industry: 22.887 billion RMB
    • Secondary Industry: 522.738 billion RMB
    • Tertiary Industry: 996.389 billion RMB
    • (2013) 

Number of Employees per Industry

    • Primary Industry: 646,758
    • Secondary Industry: 2,631,214
    • Tertiary Industry: 4,321,323
    • (2013) 

Annual Income per Capita

  • 42,049 RMB (2013)

Major Industries and Products

    • Manufacturing: automobile and petrochemical
    • Services: finance, port transport 

Major Projects

    • ・Working tirelessly towards the establishment of the Nansha New District and Pilot Free-Trade Zone.
    • ・Deepening reform and liberalisation, and promoting industrial innovation.
    • ・Focusing on the development of scientific technology, finance, and Headquarters Economy.
    • ・Establishment and implementation of a National Central City status.
    • ・Developing urban functions as a center of international trade and commerce, a center of international air and shipping traffic, a world-class cultural city, and a transport hub in Southern China.

Revenue of the city budget

  • 483.4 billion RMB (2014)

Sister Cities (Countries), etc.

    • 【Sister cities (36)】
    •   Fukuoka (Japan), Los Angeles (USA), Manila (the Philippines), Vancouver (Canada), 
    •   Sydney (Australia), Bari (Italy), Lyon (France), Frankfurt (Germany), Auckland (New Zealand),
    •   Kwangju (South Korea), Linkoping (Sweden), Durban (South Africa), Bristol (UK),
    •   Birmingham (UK), Ekaterinburg (Russia), Arequipa (Peru), Surabaya (Indonesia),
    •   Vilnius (Lithuania), Hambantota (Sri Lanka), Recife (Brazil),  Tampere (Finland),
    •   Bangkok (Thailand), Buenos Aires (Argentine), Dubai (UAE), Kuwait City (Kuwait),
    •   Kazan (Russia), Istanbul (Turkey), Harare (Zimbabwe) , San Jose (Costa Rica),
    •   Noboribetsu (Japan), Valencia (Spain), Rabat (Morocco), Lodz (Poland), Ahmadabad (India),
    •   Pokhara (Nepal), Quito (Ecuador)  
    • 【Partner cities (23)】
    •   Salvador (Brazil), Ho Chi Minh (Vietnam), Oita (Japan), Khabarovsk (Russia), Guam (USA),
    •   Melbourne (Australia), Alexandria (Egypt), Barcelona (Spain), Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan),
    •   Havana (Cuba), Dusseldorf (Germany), Mexico City (Mexico), Houston (USA), 
    •   Santiago City (Chile), Milan (Italy), Prague (Czech), Binh Duong (Vietnam), Coimbra (Portugal),
    •   Incheon (South Korea), Phnom Penh (Cambodia), Saint-Petersburg (Russia), Tbilisi (Georgia),
    •   Boston (USA) 

Relevant Projects of APCS

    The 2nd Asian-Pacific City Summit (1996)

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