Changsha (China)

Changsha, also named as Star City, is the political, economic and cultural center of Hunan province. Changsha boasts rich cultural heritage and was approved as one of the first batches of Historic and Cultural Cities and National Tourism Cities by the State Council.

Changsha has been awarded as National Garden City, National Greenery City by its unique landscape which integrates the city with mountains, rivers and islands. Changsha has also been granted as the Environment Demonstration Pilot City in China by the United Nations.  

Changsha has been rated as the City with Best International Image in China (mainland) and the Best Commercial City in China (mainland) by Forbes. 


  • 7,146,600 persons (2012)

Number of Households

  • 2,075,381 households (2012)

Land Area

  • 11,800 km2 (2012)

Population Density

  • 600 persons/km2 (2012)

Gross City Product per Industry

    • Primary Industry:   4.314 billion US Dollars
    • Secondary Industry:   56.911 billion US Dollars
    • Tertiary Industry:   40.16 billion US Dollars
    • (2012) 

Number of Employees per Industry

    • Primary Industry:   1,129,000 persons
    • Secondary Industry:   1,445,000 persons
    • Tertiary Industry:   1,815,000 persons
    • (2011) 

Annual Income per Capita

  • Disposable income:4,798 US Dollars (urban areas) 2,385 US Dollars (rural areas) (2012)

Top 5 Industries (in terms of number of jobs)

    • 1. Construction Machinery
    • 2. Auto and Auto parts
    • 3. Tobacco and Food
    • 4. New Material
    • 5. Electronic Information 

Major Industries and Products

    Highly support high-end manufacturing, new material and new energy industries; give priority to the development of energy saving and environmental protection industry, new energy automobile industry, biomedicine, electronic information and cultural innovation industries  

Top 3 Export Industries (in terms of value of exports)

    • 【Export Products / Import Products】
    • 1. Mechanical and electrical products: 2,668 million US Dollars 
    •   / Mechanical and electrical products: 2,408 million US Dollars 
    • 2. High and new technology products: 899 million US Dollars
    •    / Auto and auto chassis: 1,056 million US Dollars 
    • 3. Auto and auto chassis: 445 million US Dollars 
    •   / High and new technology products: 472 million US Dollars 
    • 【Amount of Trade】
    • Total volume of exports and imports: 8.683 billion US Dollars (2012)

Major Policies

    Promote the industrial transformation and upgrading, livable city building, integrated development of urban and rural areas, "resource-saving and environmentally-friendly society" construction, construction of open economy, improving livelihood cause, social management innovation 

Revenue of the city budget

  • 13.062 billion US Dollars (2012)

Number of City Employees

  • about 22,000 persons (teachers are not included, 2012)

Sister Cities (Countries), etc.

    • 【Sister Cities】
    • Brazzaville (Republic of the Congo), Kagoshima (Japan), St. Paul (US), Choa Chu Kang (Singapore),
    • Fribourg (Switzerland), Jersey City (US), Mons (Belgium), Gumi (Republic of Korea),
    • Francisco Beltrão (Brazil), Entebbe (Uganda), Auburn (Australia), Annapolis (US)
    • 【Cities with a Memorandum of Economic Agreement or Friendly Cooperative Agreement】
    • Arezzo (Italy), Oakland (US), Porirua City (New Zealand), Ratnapura (Sri Lanka),
    • Kimberley (South Africa), Yorke Peninsula (Australia), Augsburg (Germany), Neuruppin (Germany),
    • Rovaniemi (Finland), Melaka (Malaysia), Vallejo (US), Kalutara (Sri Lanka), Chevy Chase (US),
    • Ulyanovskaya Oblast (Russia), Kirishima (Japan), Maryland (US), Vienna (Austria),
    • Washington D.C. (US), Rio De Janeiro (Brazil), Rome (Italy), Hague (Netherlands), Vigan (Philippines),
    • Phnom Penh (Cambodia), Victoria (Canada)
    • 【Participant in Inter-city/Inter-regional Networks】
    • Asian-Pacific City Summit, ICMA (International City Management Association) 


    • ● Annual Airport Passengers
    •  780,228 in total (2010)
    • ● City Tree / City Flower
    •  Cinnamonum campora / Rhododendron simsii 
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